The origin and present condition of the Hanok Village
After the Eulsa Treaty(1905)
• The place where massive number of Japanese entered in and started to live is the outside of Western Gate, around Jeonju stream (Daga-dong of today). At that time, there was clear difference in social standing depending on whether a person lives outside the castle or inside the castle. The outside of castle was mainly the residential zone of the people of humble birth or merchants. The castle existed as the emblem showing the difference between classes. The Western part of castle was torn down as the whole army road had been established (1907) for the food conveyance. Since the Eastern part of castle except the south gate was torn down at the end of 1911, the trace of the Jeonju Buseong castle disappeared.
• This enabled Japanesese to broaden their boundaries to the inside of castle, and the Japanese peddling in the Western gate neighborhood actually got to enter Daga-dong and Jungang-dong area. As the street of the Jeonju was latticed and the business district was formed by the City improvements by the year 1934, Japanese peddling prospering in the Western gate area got to occupy the greatest commercial supremacy of Jeonju and this situation continued by the year 1945.
• Korean began to form the Korean-style house(Hanok) village around 1930 as a repulsion against the expansion of influence of Japanese in the Gyo-dong and Pungnam-dong area. This was the expression of national pride and an opposition against Japanese house. It made an odd city atmosphere as Hanok houses made contrast against Japanese-style houses and matched the Western style Missionaries village of the Hwasan-dong and school, church, and etc. If looked upon Hanok village, located in Gyodong, Pungnam-dong, from Omokdae, the village is an attraction which has numerous glorious curves made form the ridge of the Hipped-and-Gable Roof.
The status of Jeonju Hanok village
- Locationthe whole area of Pungnam-dong & Gyodong area, Wansan-gu, Jeonju-si
- Population1,322 ( 619 men and 703 women) / 653 households
- Buildings776 (Hanok 605, non-Hanok 171)
- Major facilitiesCultural facilities including Hanok life experience center, Handcraft workshop village, Handcraft master museum, Traditional Drinks Museum, Choe Myeong-Hui Literary House, craftwork exhibit center, etc.
- Car-free streets every week
- Handcrafts exhibition / sale, cultural events
- Korea Traditional Culture Academy and Experience School operation